James Jurin FRS (1684-1725), Secretary of the Royal Society and regular contributor to the Philosophical Transactions, published in 1722 a call for submission of meteorological observations. He hoped to collect regular weather observations from all continents to improve scientific knowledge of climatic conditions and of various phenomena.
These direct observations were abstracted, condensed and analysed by the editor of the Philosophical Transactions for decades and turned into scientific publications which are still useful to modern day climatologists who use such historical records to understand long-term climatic trends. Discover documents which reveal the activities of the editors (call for submission, setting up standards for submissions, editorial practices), and access records from a global network of correspondents.
The weather map is like a chess board, with which the knowledgeable observer can speculate intelligently about the atmosphere's next few moves.