James Bell Pettigrew

Professor James Bell Pettigrew FRSE FRCPE LLD FRS (26 May 1834 – 30 January 1908) was a Scottish anatomist and noted amateur naturalist, aviation pioneer and museum curator.

He was a distinguished naturalist in Britain, and Professor of Anatomy at St Andrews University from 1875 until his death.

Pettigrew was an internationally acknowledged authority on animal locomotion and bird flight, which informed his invention of an early flying machine. The Wright Brothers studied his most popular work, Animal Locomotion: or Walking, Swimming and Flying which was published in 1873.

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