Ideas for an universal alphabet by Francis Lodwick

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                                3 It will be usefull to perpetuate the true sound of any 
Language and be as a standard thereof to future ages 
In the collection of these following sounds I proceded by 
these Rules 
1 That evry single sound truly so named cannot be expressed 
<s>singly <\s> by the conjunction of any two other single sounds 
2 That whateuer sound can be expressed by the conjunction 
of two other single sounds is no single sound but a compound 
or conjoined sound.
3 That in evry conjunction of sounds the perticuler sounds 
whereof the conjunction is made must in the same be 
discerned and distinguisable how can it otherwise be 
said to be a compound and so demonstrated to be 
The sounds or letters are usually distinguished into such 
as sound of themselves and named Vowels or such as 
sound not but in conjunction with a Vowel and those 
are named consonants 
The vowels I have collected are these following which I 
have expressed in so many English words wherein I 
have found them sounded according as we express them 
here in London excepting the two Last, which I found 
expressed in no English word and therefore exprest them 
in words of other Languages, and the Letters expressing 
these <s>words <\s> Vowels I have writ Larger then the rest.
These vowels are to be 
distinguisht into long & short 
short as GOd, mAn, sInne 
long as bAll, demAnd, sEEne 
1. a expressed in tAll
2. a tAllow 
3. a tAle 
4. e tEll 
5. e tEAle a bird 
6. i. tIll the ground 
7. i. tIle of an house 
8. o. stOne 
9. oo. tOOl
10. u. tUnne 
11. ou. tOUld 
12. u. Un, deUx french 
13. u. dUre french 
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Manuscript details

Francis Lodwick
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Cite as

Ideas for an universal alphabet by Francis Lodwick, From The Royal Society, CLP/16/4



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