read Dec:5.88. Observations III The Dissection of a Parroquett made <s>by Mr Ric: Waller F.R.S.<\s> & communicated to ye Royal Society by Mr Ric Waller <s>F.R.S.<\s> There is not possibly a greater variety of species than in ye Parrot kind whether wee consider the Country size or colour in which last particular no bird prides in so great a diversity, luxuriant nature painting him with all ye silken colours of Plants and flowers, and that in their greatest lustre and perfectio <u>Johnston <\u> treating of these birds says ye curious have observed above 100 sorts of them and <u>Margravins <\u> in his History of <u>Brazile <\u> enumerates several, his sixth species of Paroquetts which he calls <u>Tujete <\u> comeing very near our subject. but the true description as I take it of this Bird is given by <u>Johnston<\u> in his <u>Mantissa <\u> to ye History of Birds cap 4. p.156. which being long I forbear to <s>repeate <\s> recite, the bird he says was brought by the Dutch seamen out of <u>AEthiopia<\u> and Places near <u>Manicongo <\u>. Having kept some of these birds and one of them dying; in ye opening thereof I tooke notice of some few particulars which I have made bold to present this honorable assembly with. 1. First to give a short description thereof. Its size is between a sparrow and Blackbird with a short neck, black Eyes, a crooked scarlet bill, greyish legs and feet with Toes two before & two behind like ye Parrot, yet he never stands on one foot to eat with ye other, as Parrots do. when he stands still on ye Perch his breast and belly shew of a curious light green his back and the feathers of his wings are somewhat darker on his pinnions are some short blew feathers as like wise a pretty many on his rump. his bill is encompassed up to ye Eyes with a broad beautifull scarlet Circle reaching also down to his throat this place in ye hen is of a paler orange colour wherein is ye only <s>visible <\s> observable difference. The feathers of ye Taile (which as in all small Parroquets is no longer than ye wings) are not to bee seen but when he flutters or spreads it. they are about 2 inches long, near ye quill of a lemmon colour inclineing to a green, next that of a scarlet for a pretty breadth then a narrow thread of green on some of them, after that a black and last of all ending in a light green. It were not an unworthy curiosity to examine ye colours of ye feathers of Birds and how the same individual branch of ye stemm of a feather as here comes to be tinged with such diversity of colours. but that by the by. 2. Having opened the <u>Thorax <\u> and <u>Abdomen <\u> (if I may so call them) by blowing into ye <u>Aspera arteria <\u> a large cavity or bladder was raised up all a long ye <u>Abdomen <\u> to ye edges of ye <u>os Ischion <\u> and fastened to the Gizzard containing in it all ye Gutts and Gizzard <s>but<\s> and other <u>Viscera <\u> but excluding the heart and Liver, a conformation like this is observed in all Birds and peculiar to them and mentioned by <u>Perault <\u> in his <u>Mechanique des animaux<\u>. The air received by the Lungs refreshing and carrying off the noxious steames from ye Entrailes and is not confined as in men and Quadrupedes to ye <u>Thorax <\u> only, by a <u>Mediastinu <\u>. why this is so in Birds may be farther enquired.
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Dissection of a paroquet [parakeet] communicated by Richard Waller, 1688. From The Royal Society, CLP/15i/37
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