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Invariants may be regarded from two points of view, the permutational and the functional. According to the former they are considered as arising from a process of permutation, according to the latter as derivatives from other functions. Spottiswoode adopts the latter course, and demonstrates his method.

Annotations in pencil and ink throughout.

Subject: Mathematics

Received 20 December 1854. Read 18 January 1855.

Whilst the Royal Society declined to publish this paper in full, an abstract of the paper was published in volume 7 of the Proceedings of the Royal Society as 'Researches on the theory of invariants'.

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Ink and graphite pencil on paper
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61 pages

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William Spottiswoode

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William Spottiswoode, Unpublished paper, 'Researches on the theory of invariants' by William Spottiswoode, 1854, AP/37/21, The Royal Society Archives, London,, accessed on 23 May 2024

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    Dates: 1768-1989

    The 'Archived Papers' collection is comprised of original manuscript scientific papers and letters submitted to the Royal Society which remained unpublished or were abstracted in the journal 'Proceedings of the Royal Society' published from 1830 onwards.

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