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Referee's report by Andrew Gray, on a paper 'The mechanism of the electric arc' by Phoebe Sarah Hertha Marks Ayrton

Reference number: RR/15/149

Date: December 1901

Description

Sectional committee: Physics and chemistry

Recommended for publication in Philosophical Transactions. No modifications seem necessary and the illustrations are not excessive and should, he thinks, all be given. The paper seems very suggestive and throws light on the much debated questions of the mechanism of the arc. There is some apparent divergence of result as to the existence of a back electromotive force in the arc between this paper and Mr [William] Duddell's on the same subject. The author is of the opinion that great heat is developed in a film of great resistance close to the positive carbon while Duddell detects an opposing potential difference. It is true that Duddell distinguishes between an opposing difference of potential and a 'back E.M.F' but he does not understand the distinction.

[Published in Philosophical Transactions A, 1902].

Endorsed on verso as received 3 December 1901.

Reference number
RR/15/149
Earliest possible date
December 1901
Physical description
Report on paper
Page extent
3 pages
Format
Manuscript

Creator name

Andrew Gray

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Citation

Andrew Gray, Referee's report by Andrew Gray, on a paper 'The mechanism of the electric arc' by Phoebe Sarah Hertha Marks Ayrton, December 1901, RR/15/149, The Royal Society Archives, London, https://makingscience.royalsociety.org/items/rr_15_149/referees-report-by-andrew-gray-on-a-paper-the-mechanism-of-the-electric-arc-by-phoebe-sarah-hertha-marks-ayrton, accessed on 30 November 2023

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  • Referee Reports

    Date: 1832-1949

    This collection contains reports on scientific papers submitted for publication to the Royal Society. Started in 1832 when the system was formalised, it is a record of the origins of peer review publishing in practice.

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