Skip to content

Please be aware that some material may contain words, descriptions or illustrations which will not reflect current scientific understanding and may be considered in today's context inaccurate, unethical, offensive or distressing.


Heale explains that 'the arrangement observed in the divisions and subdivisions of the bronchial tube is that of a panicle. There is everywhere to be distinguished a straight diminishing tube, from which lesser tubes are given off alternately from its sides; these lesser tubes in their turn observe a similar plan of distribution, and the smaller tubes, down to their ultimate terminations, are governed by the same system. There is nowhere to be found either a true dichotomous or trichotomous division.' He provides detailed observations on the physiology of the lungs.

Annotations in pencil and ink throughout. Marked on front as 'Archives G G S [George Gabriel Stokes]'. Includes 19 plates of figures of a sheep's lung.

Subject: Physiology / Anatomy

Received 28 August 1860. Read 24 November 1860. Communicated by Sir Benjamin Collins Brodie.

Whilst the Royal Society declined to publish this paper in full, an abstract of the paper was published in volume 10 of Abstracts of the Papers Printed in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London [later Proceedings of the Royal Society] as 'On the physiological anatomy of the lungs'.

Reference number
Earliest possible date
Physical description
Ink and graphite pencil on paper
Page extent
90 pages

Creator name

James Newton Heale

Use this record


James Newton Heale, Unpublished paper, 'Physiological anatomy of the lungs' by James Newton Heale, 1860, AP/43/4, The Royal Society Archives, London,, accessed on 17 April 2024

Link to this record

Embed this record

<iframe src="" title="Unpublished paper, 'Physiological anatomy of the lungs' by James Newton Heale" allow="fullscreen" frameborder="0" width="100%" height="500px"></iframe>

Related Publications

Related Fellows

Explore the collection

  • Archived Papers

    Dates: 1768-1989

    The 'Archived Papers' collection is comprised of original manuscript scientific papers and letters submitted to the Royal Society which remained unpublished or were abstracted in the journal 'Proceedings of the Royal Society' published from 1830 onwards.

    View collection